What is an endoscopy?
An endoscopy is a procedure in which specialized instruments i.e. endoscope is used to view the internal organs. UGI endoscopy is done with gastroscope which is passed through the oral cavity and examination of the oesophagus, stomach and duodenum are done. Endoscopy can be done with or without the use of anaesthesia. Before endoscopy gargles of lignocaine liquid/lignocaine spray is given to numb the oral the cavity, so the patient will not feel any discomfort. Endoscopy is performed for diagnosis as well as for treatment. Predominantly this procedure is done on an out-patient basis. The healthcare staff will monitor your vital signs and keep you as comfortable as possible during as well as post-procedure.
When endoscopy is indicated?
These are the symptoms where endoscopy is indicated to diagnose certain conditions or diseases.
Reflux, heartburn, difficulty in swallowing, vomiting, coffee coloured vomitus or fresh blood in vomiting, in liver disease patients, to diagnose cancer of oesophagus and stomach, oesophagal, stomach and duodenal polyp (tumour).
Procedures are done with an endoscope
We have an expert team to do below mentioned procedure. Some of the procedures are done by the highly experienced consultant in that field.
1) Treatment of bleeding ulcer
2) Banding for oesophagal varices in liver disease
3) Removal of oesophagal and stomach polyp, small cancer
4) Removal of foreign body’s (coin, pins, button battery, needle, blade)
5) Treatment of reflux disease
6) Dilatation of oesophagal narrowing, stomach narrowing
7) Per Oral Endoscopic Myotomy (POEM) treatment for achalasia
8) Treatment for obesity
What are the preparations for endoscopy?
You will need to stop drinking and eating eight hours before your endoscopy. You will need to stop taking certain medication like anti-diabetic medication (insulin, tablets), blood-thinning medications on the day of your endoscopy. Blood thinners may increase your risk of bleeding if certain procedures are performed during the endoscopy. For high blood pressure, follow your doctor’s advice.
What are the complications of endoscopy?
There are no major complications of endoscopy. Post-procedure some patients may feel mild throat discomfort, chest pain.