A hernia is a protrusion of an organ through the wall of the cavity that normally contains it. Hernias can be painful, debilitating, or even unsightly. Finding a talented surgeon with a track record of success is important to a successful hernia surgery. Surgery is usually required for most types of hernias in order to prevent complications. Dr Abhishek Katakwar is a board-certified expert in Minimally invasive hernia surgery which offers many benefits over traditional surgery.
• Hiatal Hernia: The hiatus is an opening in the diaphragm, the muscular wall separating the chest cavity from the abdomen. Normally, the esophagus (food pipe) goes through the hiatus and attaches to the stomach. In a hiatal hernia (also called hiatus hernia) the stomach bulges up into the chest through that opening. There are two main types of hiatal hernias: sliding and paraesophageal (next to the esophagus).
• Inguinal Hernia: An inguinal hernia is an intrusion of the intestines into the groin area through a weak point in the abdominal wall. It can cause pain and pressure on the groin, as well as symptoms of nausea and constipation. Laparoscopic surgery for inguinal hernias involves small incisions in or just under the navel and in the lower abdomen.
• Incisional Hernia: A incisional hernia is one located on the front abdominal wall that occurs on the site of a previous surgical incision. Incisional hernias are most common in patients who have had more than one incision in the same site and who are overweight. Laparoscopic surgery offers an effective solution repairing of incisional hernias involving minimal additional incisions.
• Ventral Hernia: A ventral hernia is one located on the front abdominal wall that occurs due to the weakening of abdominal wall musculature. Ventral hernias are most common in patients who have obesity and sedentary lifestyle.
• Umbilical Hernia: In an umbilical hernia, part of the small intestine passes through the abdominal wall near the navel.
• Internal hernias after surgery: Internal hernias occur when there is protrusion of an internal organ into a retroperitoneal fossa or a foramen (congenital or acquired) in the abdominal cavity
Hernia repair can be performed using traditional open surgery or minimally invasive surgery.
Who can have Minimally Invasive Hernia Surgery?
There is no contraindication except anticipated problems related to anaesthesia, abdominal tuberculosis. Though minimally invasive surgery offers many benefits over open hernia repair, may not suggest it if:
• The hernia site has had a previous infection.
• There is scar tissue damage from abdominal surgery.
How can you prepare for Surgery?
To help you make an informed decision, consider bringing questions like these to your surgeon or doctor visit:
• What medical options are available for my hernia?
• What happens if I don’t get surgery?
• What kind of experience do you have with my type of a hernia?
• Should I get a second opinion?
• What is the difference between robotic-assisted surgery and laparoscopic surgery?
• What type of anaesthesia will I receive?
• How long will the surgery take?
• Where will I have scars?
• When will I go home?
• How soon can I lift light weights after surgery? Heavier weights?
• Laparoscopic / Robotic Transabdominal Preperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair (TAPP)
• Laparoscopic / Robotic Total Extraperitoneal Inguinal Hernia Repair (TEP)
• Laparoscopic / Robotic Component Separation Hernia surgery
• Laparoscopic/ Robotic intraperitoneal onlay mesh (IPOM) technique
• Laparoscopic/ Robotic enhanced-view totally extraperitoneal(TEP) technique